Ebola Epidemic: Precautionary, Causes and Symptoms Measures

The Ebola virus illness (EVD) which has wreaked havoc across Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is regarded "a extreme, frequently fatal illness in humans" by the Globe Overall health Organisation (WHO).

It weakens the immune system and causes bleeding inside and outside the body. In actual fact, it puts even overall health workers at risk if they're appropriately protected.

Previously called Ebola haemorrhagic fever, Ebola was initially reported way back in 1976 in Nzara, Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo.

What Causes Ebola

It really is believed that the fruit bats of the Pteropodidae household living in tropical rainforests are the organic hosts of the EVD. This deadly virus is transmitted to people today from wild animals together with by means of other infected humans. It was passed on to humans by coming in close speak to together with the secretions, sweat, blood and also other bodily fluids of EVD infected humans and numerous infected animals which contain fruit bats, porcupines, chimpanzees, gorillas and monkeys found either sick or dead in and around tropical rainforests. Other solutions to obtaining infected with Ebola is by touching contaminated needles.

It really is also accurate that Ebola is less contagious than other diseases; it really is transmitted by bodily fluids, not by air, water or mosquitoes. In other words, Ebola doesn't spread by just getting in proximity with an individual infected. It isn't like the flu. As described above, there has to be direct get in touch with with the bodily fluids. In current instances, most of the cases reported have occurred in people that were nursing their infected members of the family and also individuals who ready an EVD infected dead body for burial.

Indicators and symptoms

At first, Ebola (ebola solution) may well really feel like normal flu or any illness. But symptoms commence to seem handful of days after receiving infected. These symptoms consist of fever, joints and muscle pain, acute weakness, stomach discomfort, lack of appetite, sore throat and headache.

As the predicament aggravates and also the Ebola infection worsens; the patient starts to expertise diarrhea, vomiting, impaired liver function, rashes and worse of all internal and external bleeding.

Some sufferers may perhaps also encounter red eyes, chest pain, hiccups, trouble in breathing and swallowing.

Diagnosis & Treatment

Several tests are conducted to diagnose Ebola such as serum neutralization test, antigen detection test, electron microscopy and so on. There is no vaccine available to cure Ebola virus. Infected individuals generally encounter dehydration typically. They require intensive care and need to become given oral rehydration solutions (ORS) containing electrolytes that helps treat dehydration in EVD sufferers.

Hope of Vaccine

There is no proven vaccine to cure Ebola. But many doses of an experimental Ebola vaccine have been developed at the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Canada. The WHO has approved using the untested vaccine, calling it ethical to use it at such instances.

As Dr. Marie-PauleKieny, an assistant director-general at WHO said in a press conference, "If there are drugs that can save lives... shouldn't we use them to save lives?" But she added, "(It's) very important to not give false hope to anybody that Ebola can be treated now. This is absolutely not the case."

Preventive Measures

Prevention is always better than cure. During the break out of epidemics, it becomes all the more necessary to take preventive measures seriously. The WHO has urged for strong measures to be taken to curb the outbreak, else the virus can spread from Africa to other regions too.

Restricting the movement of Ebola infected animals from farms to other areas may help curb the spread of the virus.

Avoid acquiring in close speak to with EVD infected individuals. Take good care of individuals or any infected member of family but make sure you use gloves and other protective equipment so that you end up finding infected with Ebola. Wash your hands after visiting patients in hospital.

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